After two long evenings of cabling, I've pretty much sorted out our Panasonic 25MD3/DMR-E95/VCR/Sky combo to my satisfaction, using the info in earlier threads, I have this set up ... Sky TV out to DVDR AV2, DVDR AV1 to TV AV1, VCR to TV AV2 RF to VCR to DVDR to TV, Set Sky to RGB Set DVDR to RGB on AV1 and AV2 ... from hornydragon's suggestion elsewhere. two problems remain, viz. a) I only get a decent picture from sky if I use the TV AV1 input to watch it. In TV mode, the picture kind of shimmers with bands of colour moving across. It's only slight, but pretty irritating. I wouldn't worry about it, except that the TV defaults to TV mode when switched on, so there's an extra button to press. b) When the E95 is in standby mode, there's no sky input to the TV in TV mode, only on AV1 - as though the pass through wasn't working. Any suggestions to fix either of these would be welcome.