turntable

The phonograph is a device invented in 1877 for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound. In its later forms it is also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name since c. 1900). The sound vibration waveforms are recorded as corresponding physical deviations of a spiral groove engraved, etched, incised, or impressed into the surface of a rotating cylinder or disc, called a "record". To recreate the sound, the surface is similarly rotated while a playback stylus traces the groove and is therefore vibrated by it, very faintly reproducing the recorded sound. In early acoustic phonographs, the stylus vibrated a diaphragm which produced sound waves which were coupled to the open air through a flaring horn, or directly to the listener's ears through stethoscope-type earphones. In later electric phonographs (also known as record players (since 1940s) or, most recently, turntables), the motions of the stylus are converted into an analogous electrical signal by a transducer, then converted back into sound by a loudspeaker.
The phonograph was invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison. While other inventors had produced devices that could record sounds, Edison's phonograph was the first to be able to reproduce the recorded sound. His phonograph originally recorded sound onto a tinfoil sheet wrapped around a rotating cylinder. A stylus responding to sound vibrations produced an up and down or hill-and-dale groove in the foil. Alexander Graham Bell's Volta Laboratory made several improvements in the 1880s, including the use of wax-coated cardboard cylinders, and a cutting stylus that moved from side to side in a "zig zag" groove around the record.
In the 1890s, Emile Berliner initiated the transition from phonograph cylinders to flat discs with a spiral groove running from the periphery to near the center. Later improvements through the years included modifications to the turntable and its drive system, the stylus or needle, and the sound and equalization systems.
The disc phonograph record was the dominant audio recording format throughout most of the 20th century. From the mid-1980s on, phonograph use on a standard record player declined sharply because of the rise of the cassette tape, compact disc and other digital recording formats. Records are still a favorite format for some audiophiles and DJs. Vinyl records are still used by some DJs and musicians in their concert performances. Musicians continue to release their recordings on vinyl records. The original recordings of musicians are sometimes re-issued on vinyl.

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  1. M

    Cyrus CD1 - No sound

    Hi, while reassembling my system I tried to force my Rega turntable PSU TT four pin plug into the PSR -X socket in back of my Cyrus CD1 CD player (not on purpose of course - got my components mixed up!). The CD was in standby mode (red light) while I was doing this. Since then I am not getting...
  2. C

    £1500 vinyl setup help

    Hi guys, looking for some suggestions for a set up, have £1500 to spend and need vinyl player, amp and speakers, seen slot of people recommend the project debut carbon evo player which is £500 player My main genres of music I listen to if it helps are Hip hop,Metal,Jazz,Rock Thanks in advance
  3. Ed Selley

    JBL Spinner BT Turntable Review & Comments

    The Spinner BT takes the functionality we might reasonably expect from an affordable turntable… and adds a massive dollop of JBL design language. How does that work out? Read the review. Write your own review for JBL Spinner BT
  4. Ian Collen

    NEWS: Pro-Ject launches Juke Box E1 turntable system & comments

    The all-in-one solution integrates Bluetooth streaming and Class D amplification, with some optional speakers to complete the Hi-Fi package. Read the news.
  5. Ugg10

    Genius turntable

    Saw this on Facebook, absolute genius, even the signal wire is right and hiding the motor under the chrome bridge cover is brilliant. Looks an old Rega P3/P2 with the r200 tonearm was the donor.
  6. Ian Collen

    NEWS: Clearaudio releases upgraded Concept Signature turntable & comments

    Building upon the original Concept, the new Signature edition looks to introduce some suitably updated tech with a similar ‘plug and play’ modular design. Read the news.
  7. Ian Collen

    NEWS: Exposure Electronics launches the Exposure 360 turntable & comments

    A well-established name in the amplifier market, the new arrival marks a possibly brief new direction for the company. Read the news.
  8. Luckychap

    More HiFi woes

    Hi all I have a 90s denon system with 6.5 pma amp. I wanted to play vinyl and bought a used thorens td240 TT. Initially there was very low sound so I bought a replacement 6.5 and all was good. But the speakers we’re average so I thought I’d treat myself and bought a Cambridge A1 amp and some...
  9. calypso22

    Technics SL-D2 and SL-D3 over-active auto-return when cueing. FIX.

    If your turntable goes into auto-return mode when you are starting it and trying to cue it, it is usually NOT the auto-return settings that need adjustment. The culprit is usually the STOP button at the lower right corner of the turntable top. This is a simple mechanism that uses a small spring...
  10. Turtle27

    Question Help with Turntable Set Up

    Looking for some help with a new turntable setup after being away from vinyl for about 15 years. I recently purchased a Pro-Ject Debut Cardon EVO and Phono Box preamp. I also have a fairly high end home theater set up (5.2.2) with an Onkyo TX-NR696 amp. For the best audio quality, would I be...
  11. O

    Valve Amp Question

    Hi, I have a fairly extensive vinyl collection and a ok turntable (project primary e) I know it's their cheapest model but I think it's not bad. Anyway I am interested in valve amplifiers, I don't know about for hi-fi, but have a couple of valve amps for my guitars and appreciate the difference...
  12. dougan

    Pro-Ject T1 Turntable - Is this correct?

    Just received a second T1 turntable, the first was damaged in transit. Where the tonearm passes through the housing, should it be central? As you can see, it is pushed up to the left hand side, with a big gap on the right hand side. Is this correct? It just does not look right. Thanks
  13. F1Fan72

    Question Newbie help - advice on speakers

    Hi all, I currently have a Project Essential III turntable connected to a Cambridge Audio AXA25 with a pair of Monitor bronze br1 speakers. I am looking to upgrade the speakers.. Any recommendations as that what I could upgrade too? Budget is around £300. Thanks in advance .. James
  14. Bob George

    Question Pioneer NC-50 DAB/Audiolab Omnia/Technics SA-C600

    Hi all I’m looking to alter my set up and move away from separates and have an ‘all in one’ unit alongside my turntable (Technics SL-1700 Mk1) and my speakers (Q Acoustics 3030i) All 3 tick the boxes I’d like, amplifier, cd player and streamer. So it’s quite niche what I’m looking for. Does...
  15. A

    Vinyl playback through an AVR ... any good?

    I just wanted to say that Vinyl playback through my old Yamaha RX_A860 AVR sounds pretty good. The main things that made the difference were: Replacing my cartridge on my turntable with a decent one (A RigB modified Audio-Technica VM540ML) Adding an external phono amp (Rega Fono MM) Buying...
  16. F1Fan72

    Question Worth upgrading my AVR-X250BT

    Hi All, Quick question, I currently have my Project Essential III turntable connected via bluetooth to my old Denon AVR-X250B (Pair of monitor bronze br1 speakers) all working fine. Simply, would purchasing a stereo amplifier provide better performance?
  17. H

    Question Project or Rega

    Hi fellow HiFi enthusiasts, I am on the verge of buying my first turntable and I’m in between the following two options: - Rega Planar 1 with Behringer phono pre-am Or - Pro-Ject E1 phono I have been reading many reviews but still undecided. Opinions would be greatly appreciated. Thank you, Hel
  18. corbetta

    Question Replacement/Upgrade Stylus/Cartridge - Audio Technica AT-LP3

    Hi, I’ve had the Audio Technica AT-LP3 for sometime and I’m conscious this nis an entry-level turntable, but suits me fine. I have it going into the Denon PMA-600NE and Q Acoustics 3020 speakers on stands. I’m wondering whether to upgrade the factory-fitted AT-91R MM cartridge and/or AT-HS3...
  19. Bellfield

    Question TT connections

    I've recently bought a Rega Planar Eco TT and it connects to my amp with a cable hard wired into the TT with what looks suspiciously like bell wire. I read a good deal on this forum about people spending £100s on cables and I wonder if anyone can explain to me, with my limited knowledge, why...
  20. mehstg1319

    Upgrade from Ortofon 2m to Audio Technica VM540ML

    Hi all After a little bit of advice. I acquired a Project Debut Carbon Evo turntable a while back that came with an Ortofon 2m Red cartridge. Whilst I have been relatively happy with it, it's always had an annoying sibilance that I've never got to the bottom of and assumed it was just a quirk...
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